Charge Air Duct Made from Ultramid Endure
Extraordinary Heat Stabilization
Mann+Hummel, Ludwigsburg, Germany, has developed a new charge air duct manufactured by blow molding with the BASF high-temperature polyamide Ultramid Endure D5G3 BM. The turbocharger with integrated charge air cooler is used in numerous vehicles, e.g. in the BMW 4, 5 and 7 series as well as in the X3, X4 and X5 models of the BMW Group.
With Ultramid Endure D5G3 BM (BM = blow molding), charge air ducts can be efficiently manufactured by blow molding. The BASF polyamide 66 with 15% glass fibers has a high heat-aging resistance, can be processed easily and shows extraordinary acoustic properties. It is temperature resistant up to 220°C at continuous use, with possible peak temperature loads of up to 240°C. The blow molding type supplements the Ultramid Endure portfolio for injection molding, which has been successfully established on the market since 2010. Like the injection molding grades, Ultramid Endure BM obtains its extraordinary heat stabilization through a well-established technology, which suppresses the oxidative attack by atmospheric oxygen. The protection is not limited to the surface, but pervades the material as a whole.
The tailor-made properties of Ultramid Endure BM yield numerous benefits for molders and car manufacturers: favorable system costs due to lower processing temperatures, shorter cycle times and reduced energy consumption are combined with a high technical performance, which leads to durable and powerful engines. Thus Ultramid Endure BM shows a better cost-performance ratio than, for example, polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) or aluminum, from which conventional charge air ducts are manufactured. Within the charge air duct, the charge air pipe guides compressed hot air from the turbocharger into the integrated charge air cooler. Here, pressures higher than 2.5 bar can occur.
High Melt Stability, Good Swelling, Simple Welding
For blow molding, the plastic is also required to have a special melt strength and favorable swelling properties. A high melt stability counteracts the length variation of the pipe. The smaller the variation in length, the better suited the product is for suction blow molding. The same applies to pipe swelling: a certain amount of swelling is required, yet too much swelling causes problems when inserting the pipe into the mold. What is more, materials that swell severely tend to expand, which leads to a frusto-conical shape of the pipe. Ultramid Endure BM, however, remains largely cylindrical. As it also responds well to changes in the processing parameters, corrections can be made easily during the production process.
Ultramid Endure BM can be welded particularly well with PA66 components using e.g. infrared welding. Components under the hood are often connected with one another by welding. Due to the reduced glass fiber content, the weld line can represent a weak spot, particularly after aging. The innovative stabilization mechanism in Ultramid Endure BM not only protects the polymer itself, but also strengthens this potential weak spot. The weld lines also withstand continuous operation at high temperatures very well. Even after 1000 hours at 220°C, there is no sign of any cracking at the joint. The weld line strength remains just as high.
Also, Ultramid Endure BM shows excellent damping behavior and is therefore suitable for demanding acoustic requirements. For example, Ultramid Endure can be used to reduce the production of disturbing airborne noise emitted from the vibrating component surface directly at the source. Depending on the temperature and the level of humidity, the material has damping values which are up to ten times better compared with polyphenylene sulfide.
Patents encourage innovation: Stay on the ball with the latest innovations in the plastics industry in our patents section.
Would you like to subscribe to our Newsletters on plastics technology and profit from the latest information?
You know the trade name but want to know the material manufacturer, type of polymer and delivery form? Search here!