European Commission Confirms Restriction of Use of DINP and DIDP
On 31 January 2014, the European Commission has published its conclusions regarding the re-evaluation of the restrictions on DINP and DIDP in toys and childcare articles which can be placed in the mouth.
Based on assessment of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), the Commission has concluded that “no unacceptable risk has been characterised for the uses of DINP and DIDP in articles other than toys and childcare articles which can be placed in the mouth”. The Commission therefore concluded that the existing restriction of DINP and DIDP in toys and childcare articles which can be placed in the mouth should be maintained (the precautionary restriction has been in place since 2005). The Commission further concluded that “in the light of the absence of any further risks from the uses of DINP and DIDP, the evaluation of potential substitutes has been less pertinent". DINP and DIDP are therefore safe for use in all current consumer applications.
Regarding children, ECHA concluded that “no further risk management measures are needed to reduce the exposure of children to DINP and DIDP”. In the case of adults, the biomonitoring data reviewed by ECHA confirmed that “exposure from food and the indoor environment are not very significant” and, in the case of dermal exposure to DINP and DIDP is “not expected to result in a risk for adults or the developing foetus in pregnant women”.
This re-evaluation of the restrictions on non-classified high phthalates was required by entry 52 of Annex XVII of REACH, which incorporated the original restrictions in Directive 2005/84/EC. This four-year scientific review process included a public consultation and an independent opinion by ECHA's Risk Assessment Committee (RAC) which brings together experts from all 28 Member States. The ECHA report covered an assessment of potential exposure to DINP and DIDP from all sources, including indoor air and dust, food, clothing, vinyl flooring, and vehicle interiors amongst others.
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