Aimplas Succeeds in Formulating PLA without Metallic Catalysts
Aimplas, the Plastics Technology Centre, Valencia, Spain, has completed its participation in the European project Innorex. By means of these researches, it has been possible to develop an innovative process to obtain PLA improving its mechanical properties, thus allowing its application in injected packages and replacing polypropylene.
The main innovation in the process of PLA achievement developed within the project Innorex is the use of an extruder as a reactor to produce polylactic acid (PLA) from lactide. This new technology allows doing without metallic catalysts and using alternative energies to improve the reaction’s kinetics, as well as doing a measurement in line with material viscosity during the process. A wide research has been made, related to how the final properties of biopolymers are modified by adding additives and/or fillers, where a modified PLA has been achieved, more flexible and 200 % more resistant to impact than the conventional one.
After a long research, it has been achieved the synthesis of a new eco-friendly and organic catalyst to catalyze the polymerisation of lactide, thus getting a robust conversion of monomers to obtain a high molecular weight PLA with good polydispersity and optimal optical purity. In addition, the results obtained are reproducible at bulk scale and there is the possibility of extrusion. The procurement of PLA has been made by means of polymerization by Ring-Opening Polymerization (ROP) through a reactive extrusion process that unifies in a unique process the chemical and the pellet synthesis. Moreover, the use of alternative energies, such as microwaves or ultrasounds has allowed getting an energetic reduction up to 20 % when obtaining the final material.
Thanks to these improvements in its properties, it has been established that the new material can be used in food packaging manufacturing by injection and thermoforming, where PLA can replace polypropylene. The elimination of metallic particles in the process will result in an environmental improvement and the safety of workers, as well as providing an opportunity for the application of these biopolymers in new sectors, such as biomedicine.
AIMPLAS Instituto Tecnológico del Plástico
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